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Lyme Disease

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Lyme Disease

This is a bacterial disease caused by Borrelia organisms. It is transmitted when an individual is bitten by the eastern and western black legged ticks (deer ticks). The disease may infect both humans and animals and if untreated may result in severe symptoms.

 

Lyme Prevention

Lyme disease is preventable. By taking the right precautions and spreading the word, you can effectively protect your family from Lyme.

Preventing infection

The best way to prevent infection is to avoid tick-infested areas whenever possible, particularly in spring and early summer when nymph ticks feed. Adult ticks are a bigger threat in fall. Ticks favour moist, shaded environments; especially leafy wooded areas and overgrown grassy habitats.

Top 5 tick habitat precautions

  1. Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts. Tuck your pants into your socks to prevent ticks from getting inside your pants.
  2. Check your clothes for ticks often. Ticks will climb upwards until they find an area of exposed skin.
  3. Wear light coloured clothing to make it easier to spot ticks.
  4. Walk on pathways or trails when possible staying in the middle. Avoid low-lying brush or long grass.
  5. Apply insect repellent to your skin and clothing, especially at the openings such as ankle, wrist and neck.

More information on Lyme Disease

Download the Fact Sheet on Lyme Disease - this is a fact sheet only and is not to be used in place of professional medical advice. If you suspect Lyme Disease please seek medical treatment.

CanLyme - Canadian Lyme Disease Foundation has a fabulous website that provide excellent guidance on detecting and avoiding ticks causing Lyme Disease.

National Institute of Health - Borrelia organism